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Demography in the EU

Published on 15/05/2019

Important effects of the ageing of its population will influence the future of the European Union (EU). The population is dramatically ageing, driven both by significant increases in life expectancy and by lower fertility rates than in the past.

Population growth is therefore slowing down, along with an increasing old-age dependency ratio. Free movement within the EU, in particular east-west movement of EU citizens, has increased, reducing the population of some Member States, while increasing that of others. These changes have serious implications across a range of areas, including the economy, labour market, healthcare and pensions. Hence, they deserve in-depth analysis.

EU population in 2018

EU population 2018

EU population 2018

EU population by age group

EU population by group

EU population by group

EU non-national population

EU non population

EU non population

Employment and unemployment in the EU

Employment non-employment

Employment non-employment

Population by age / Old-age dependency ratio

Age and dependency

Age and dependency

Population growth

Population growth

Population growth

Fertility rate and life expectancy (2017)

Fertily life expectency

Fertily life expectency

Source: EPRS - Living in the EU: Demography

EPRS - Living in the EU : Demography (508.12 ko)

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