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05.02.2019 – Commission européenne - Union de la sécurité - Systèmes d'information sur la sécurité, les migrations et la gestion des frontières

Aujourd'hui, le Parlement européen et le Conseil sont parvenus à un accord politique sur la proposition de la Commission visant à combler les lacunes en matière de sécurité en faisant en sorte que les systèmes d'information de l'UE sur la sécurité, les migrations et la gestion des frontières travaillent ensemble de manière plus intelligente et ciblée. Priorité politique pour 2018-2019, ce cadre interopérable garantira que les gardes-frontières et les policiers ont accès aux bonnes informations quand et où ils en ont besoin pour exercer leurs fonctions.

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The new tools will allow the existing as well as future EU information systems, such as the Entry/Exit System (EES), the European Travel Information and Authorisation System (ETIAS) and European Criminal Records Information System (ECRIS-TCN) to talk to each other, preventing important pieces of information from going undetected. The new tools will:

  • Crosscheck existing data with one click: A European search portal will allow border guards and police to carry out simultaneous checks of identity documents against all EU information systems on asingle screen, in accordance with their existing access right. Officers will no longer have to verify documents against multiple databases, as within seconds they will have a complete and accurate picture;
  • Better detect identity fraud: border guards and police will be able to better identify dangerous criminals thanks to the shared biometric matching service, which will use fingerprints and facial images to search across existing information systems, and a common identity repository, which will store biographical data of non-EU citizens. In addition, a multiple-identity detector will cross-check and immediately flag anyone who is using fraudulent or multiple identities;
  • Improve access for law enforcement: Law enforcement officers will be able to consult EU information databases in a more efficient and secure way based on a two-step approach. Once the information searched by an officer matches information contained in one of the systems (i.e. gets a "hit"), he/she will be able to request more targeted access, in line with the specific rules for each system;
  • Protect fundamental rights: The interoperability framework will not change the rules on access and purpose limitation of the EU's information systems, thus ensuring that fundamental rights remain protected. Moreover, a dedicated web service will make available to third-country nationals the contact details of national authorities, facilitating the exercise of their data protection rights.

Next steps

The two Regulations establishing the framework for the interoperability of EU information systems for security, border and migration management will now need to be formally adopted by the European Parliament and the Council.

Once adopted, eu-LISA, the EU Agency responsible for the operational management of large-scale information systems in the area of freedom, security and justice, will be responsible for the development and the roll-out of the technical components that will make EU information systems interoperable.

Background

Currently, EU information systems do not talk to each other enough – information is stored separately in unconnected systems, making them fragmented, complex and difficult to operate. This risks information slipping through the net. Overcoming the current shortcomings in data management and improving the interoperability of existing information systems has been a priority for the Juncker Commission.

Alongside President Juncker's 2016 State of the Union Address, the Commission presented a Communication on stronger and smarter information systems for borders and security, starting a discussion on how to make EU information systems work better in order to enhance border management and internal security.

Since then, the Commission has regularly reported on the progress made in closing the remaining information gaps in EU information systems, so that they work together more intelligently and effectively. In May 2017, the Commission proposed a new approach to achieve full interoperability of EU information systems for security, border and migration management by 2020 and followed up with legislative proposals in December 2017.

Source : Commission européenne - Communiqué de presse

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