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10.04.2019 – Parlement européen - Révision du Code Communautaire des Visa - En bref

En mars 2018, la Commission européenne a présenté une proposition de révision du code communautaire des visas (code des visas). Le principal objectif de la proposition est de renforcer la politique commune des visas tout en tenant compte des les questions de migration et de sécurité, en renforçant le rôle de la politique des visas dans la coopération de l'UE avec les pays tiers. Des considérations économiques entreront également en jeu, avec la facilitation du traitement des visas pour les voyageurs légitimes qui contribuent à l'économie de l'UE et à son développement culturel et social. L'accord sur la proposition, conclu après les négociations en trilogue, doit maintenant être confirmé par le Parlement, un vote étant prévu lors de la session plénière d'avril

Background

The EU visa code was established in 2009 on the basis of Regulation (EC) No 810/2009. It is one of the main elements of EU visa policy, establishing harmonised procedures and conditions for processing visa applications and for issuing visas for transit through the territory of Member States, or intended stays not exceeding three months in any six-month period. Currently, travellers from 105 non-EU countries or entities need a visa to enter the Schengen area. The number of visas issued by Member States increased steadily between 2010 and 2017, from 12.5 million to 14.6 million.

European Commission proposal

On 16 May 2018, the Commission adopted a proposal to revise the Visa Code. The impact assessment study accompanying the proposal identified three main issues needing addressed:

  • (1) the visa fee;
  • (2) multipleentry visas (MEVs); and
  • (3) the link between visa policy and readmissions policy.

The main changes that the proposal would bring include:

  • a moderate increase in the visa fee from €60 to €80;
  • extension of the maximum period for submitting an application prior to travel to six months;
  • faster and more flexible procedures;
  • harmonised rules on MEVs;
  • the possibility to issue single-entry visas directly at the EU's external borders under certain conditions; and
  • a mechanism for negative incentives in visa policy, to put pressure on third countries not cooperating on the readmission of illegally staying third-country nationals.

European Parliament position

Parliament's Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) adopted its report on the proposal on 6 December 2018. Parliament voted on that report in plenary on 11 December 2018 and adopted amendments to the proposal.

The EP’s amendments call for the introduction of an electronic visa by 2025, and provide for the possibility for applicants to lodge a visa application at the consulate of one of the Member States of destination of the intended visit, at the consulate of the Member State of first entry, or at any Member State consulate present in the country. Parliament is also in favour of waiving the medical travel insurance requirement for applicants applying for short-stay visas. It supports an annual assessment of third countries' cooperation with regard to readmission, and urges the Commission to report on the results of that assessment to the Parliament and Council.

The text resulting from interinstitutional negotiations was endorsed by Coreper, for the Council, on 20 February 2019, and then approved during the LIBE committee meeting of 26 February. The text now needs to be formally adopted by Parliament; a vote is scheduled for the April II plenary session.

Source : Parlement européen - Révision du Code Communautaire des Visa - En bref

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