1. Without prejudice to the obligations arising from Article 23 and to the application of Article 96 of the Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement of 14 June 1985, signed at Schengen on 19 June 1990, hereinafter referred to as the "Schengen Convention", the purpose of this Directive is to make possible the recognition of an expulsion decision issued by a competent authority in one Member State, hereinafter referred to as the "issuing Member State", against a third country national present within the territory of another Member State, hereinafter referred to as the "enforcing Member State".
2. Any decision taken pursuant to paragraph 1 shall be implemented according to the applicable legislation of the enforcing Member State.
3. This Directive shall not apply to family members of citizens of the Union who have exercised their right of free movement.
For the purposes of this Directive,
(a) "third country national" shall mean anyone who is not a national of any of the Member States; (b) "expulsion decision" shall mean any decision which orders an expulsion taken by a competent administrative authority of an issuing Member State; (c) "enforcement measure" shall mean any measure taken by the enforcing Member State with a view to implementing an expulsion decision.
1. The expulsion referred to in Article 1 shall apply to the following cases:
(a) a third country national is the subject of an expulsion decision based on a serious and present threat to public order or to national security and safety, taken in the following cases: - conviction of a third country national by the issuing Member State for an offence punishable by a penalty involving deprivation of liberty of at least one year, - the existence of serious grounds for believing that a third country national has committed serious criminal offences or the existence of solid evidence of his intention to commit such offences within the territory of a Member State. Without prejudice to Article 25(2) of the Schengen Convention, if the person concerned holds a residence permit issued by the enforcing Member State or by another Member State, the enforcing State shall consult the issuing State and the State which issued the permit. The existence of an expulsion decision taken under this point shall allow for the residence permit to be withdrawn if this is authorised by the national legislation of the State which issued the permit; (b) a third country national is the subject of an expulsion decision based on failure to comply with national rules on the entry or residence of aliens. In the two cases referred to in (a) and (b), the expulsion decision must not have been rescinded or suspended by the issuing Member State.
2. Member States shall apply this Directive with due respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.
3. This Directive shall be applied without prejudice to the provisions of the Convention Determining the State Responsible for Examining Applications for Asylum Lodged in one of the Member States of the European Communities and readmission agreements between Member States.
The Member States shall ensure that the third country national concerned may, in accordance with the enforcing Member State's legislation, bring proceedings for a remedy against any measure referred to in Article 1(2).
Protection of personal data and data security shall be ensured in accordance with Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data(3).
Without prejudice to Articles 101 and 102 of the Schengen Convention, personal data files shall be used in the context of this Directive only for the purposes laid down therein.
The authorities of the issuing Member State and of the enforcing Member State shall make use of all appropriate means of cooperation and of exchanging information to implement this Directive.
The issuing Member State shall provide the enforcing Member State with all documents needed to certify the continued enforceability of the decision by the fastest appropriate means, where appropriate in accordance with the relevant provisions of the SIRENE Manual. The enforcing Member State shall first examine the situation of the person concerned to ensure that neither the relevant international instruments nor the national rules applicable conflict with the enforcement of the expulsion decision. After implementation of the enforcement measure, the enforcing Member State shall inform the issuing Member State.
Member States shall compensate each other for any financial imbalances which may result from application of this Directive where expulsion cannot be effected at the expense of the national(s) of the third country concerned.
In order to enable this Article to be implemented, the Council, acting on a proposal from the Commission, shall adopt appropriate criteria and practical arrangements before 2 December 2002. These criteria and practical arrangements shall also apply to the implementation of Article 24 of the Schengen Convention.
1. Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive not later than 2 December 2002. They shall forthwith inform the Commission thereof.
When Member States adopt these measures, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or shall be accompanied by such reference on the occasion of their official publication. The methods of making such reference shall be laid down by Member States.
2. Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the main provisions of domestic law which they adopt in the field governed by this Directive.
This Directive shall enter into force the day of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Communities.
This Directive is addressed to the Member States, in accordance with the Treaty establishing the European Community.
Done at Brussels, 28 May 2001. For the Council The President T. Bodström
(1) OJ C 243, 24.8.2000, p. 1.
(2) Opinion delivered on 13 March 2001 (not yet published in the Official Journal).
(3) OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, p. 31.